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Garden History Butterfly Garden Habitat Garden Rain Garden Playground Garden Plant Descriptions Garden Activities Markham Garden News Garden Maintenance


Shrub Descriptions

Aronia arbutifolia (Red Chokeberry ‘Brilliantissima’)
     Somewhat leggy shrub, growing 6-10 ft. high. It produces clusters of white flowers in May, red berries in September, and turns a beautiful, clear red in the fall. Birds tend to leave the berries alone.
 
       
 
Buddleia davidii (Butterfly Bush)
     Rounded shrub with 4-10 inch long gray-green leaves.  Fragrant, long panicles appear, starting in June and lasting until fall. Butterflies flock to this plant. (Unfortunately, it has become invasive in southeast Pennsylvania. Can produce many, unwanted seedlings.)
 
       
 
Buxus var. koreana x B.  sempervirens (Boxwood ‘Green Gem’, ‘Green Velvet’, 'Wintergreen')
     Compact , rounded evergreen plant. Color stays dark green through winter.
 
       
 
Calcycanthus floridus (Sweetshrub, Carolina Allspice)
     Rounded shrub that produce maroon-brown flowers in April and May. The flowers have a woody quality to them. They are very fragrant however some seed-grown plants can sometimes produce a vinegary smell. Best to buy this plant in bloom.  Leaves turn yellow in the fall. Grows 6-10 ft. high and wide.
 
       
 
Clethra alnifolia (Summersweet ‘Hummingbird’)
     Densely rounded, suckering plant producing white, fragrant, racemes in late summer. Turns yellow to golden yellow in fall. Attracts hummingbirds. Grows 2 ½-3 ½ ft. high.
 
       
 
Fothergilla gardenia (Dwarf Fothergilla)
     Habits vary from rounded to open and suckering. Produces white, bottle brush flowers in April and May then turns beautiful shades of yellow, orange, and red in the fall.  Grows 2-3 ft. high and wide.
 
       
 
Fothergilla major (Fothergilla ‘Mt. Airy’)
     Similar to Dwarf Fothergilla, just larger. Grows 6-10 ft. high and wide.
 
       
 

Hamamelis x intermedia (Witch Hazel-‘Jelena’) 

    

A hybrid of h. japonica and h. mollis. The fragrant flowers appear in January; four strapped shaped petals.  On sunny winter days, the flowers fully open; curling on cloudy days. It has a very strong horizontal habit with a orange-red fall color.  Grows 10-20 feet high.

 

 

 

 

 

 
Hydrangea macrophylla -(will update after the next flowering season-unsure of variety)
    
 
       
 
Hydrangea quercifolia (Oak Leaf Hydrangea)
     Rounded, mounding habit with large lobed leaves. It produces 4-12 long flower heads that start out white and take on a rosy color as they mature. The leaves turn a rich burgundy in the fall. In the winter, the peeling bark is exposed. Grows 4-8 ft. high and wide.
 
       
 
Ilex glabra (Inkberry ‘Shamrock’)
     Spreading, suckering evergreen shrub; producing black berries in winter. Grows 5 ft. high and wide.
 
       
 
Ilex xmeserveae  (Chinese Holly, 'Blue Girl', 'Blue Princess')
     Hybrids of I. cornuta and I. rugosa. Shrubby, dark-green to blue-green leafed plant. Produces red fruit on female plants, in the winter. This is the holly with which most are familiar.
 
       
 
Ilex verticillata (Winterberry ‘Red Sprite’)
     Deciduous holly; oval to rounded habit.  Females produce bright red fruit in September that often lasts into March. 
 
       
 
Itea virginia (Virginia Sweetspire ‘Little Henry’, Henry’s Garnet)
     Strongly suckering, multistemmed, rounded shrub. Found along shady stream banks in the wild. Produces fragrant, white racemes in June and July. The leaves turn shades of purple, scarlet, and crimson in the fall.  ‘Little Henry’ grows 3 ft. high; ‘Henry’s Garnet’ grows 4-5 ft. high.
 
       
 
Leucothoe fontanesiana -(Drooping Leucothoe 'Girard's Rainbow')
     A graceful, fountain-like shrub with long, arching branches. New leaves are various combinations of white, pink, and copper.  Flowers are white, pendulous, racemes that appear in spring. Plants grow 3-6 ft high and wide.
 
       
 
Rhodendron  catawbiense (‘Chionoides’)
     Broadleaf evergreen with a rounded outline. Lilac-purple flowers in May. Grows 6-10 ft. high and wide.
 
       
 
Rhodendron ‘Northern Lights’ series (Deciduous Azalea)
     Pink, flowering shrub growing  8’ feet high and 4-6’wide.  This variety is deciduous. Fall color.
 
       
 
Rhus aromatic (Fragrant Sumac ‘Gro-low’)
     Low growing, spreading shrub which produces suckers. Yellow flowers (catkins) are produced March/April; while hairy red fruits appear in August.  Orange-red fall color. Grows 2 ft. high, 6-8ft. wide.
 
       
 
Viburnum carlesii (Korean Spice Viburnum)
     Very fragrant, white flowers that appear in April and May. The buds are pinkish-red opening to white flowers, held in clusters resembling semi-snowballs. The scent is wonderful, perfuming the area. The habit is rounded with stiff, upright branches.  Fall color can be a wine-red color. Grows 4-8 ft. high and wide.
 
       
 
Viburnum dentatum (Arrowwood Viburnum-‘Blue Muffin’)
     Rounded habit with arching branches at maturity. Produces flat-topped, white flowers in May and June. Blue fruit mature in September/October and are immediately eaten by the birds. Fall color ranges from yellow to red. Grows 6-8 ft. high and 6-15 ft. wide.
 
       
 
Viburnum x rhytidophylloides (Viburnum ‘Allegheny’)
     Hybrid of  V. rhytidophyllum and V. lantana. Densely rounded habit with leathery, deeply etched leaves. White, flat-topped flowers in May followed by red to black fruit in fall.
 
       


References

Dirr, Michael; Dirr’s Hardy Trees and Shrubs, 1997

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